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At the top of the slope, water has mass, m, and is at height of the slope, h. The acceleration of the water is due to gravity g. Therefore, water at the top of the slope has potential energy known as gravitational potential energy. The statement is True.
The answer is at the top of a hill. Potential Energy is stored energy. It is energy that is ready to be converted or released as another type of energy. We most often think of potential energy as gravitational potential energy. When objects are higher up, they are ready to fall back down.
When you (or a rock) are standing at the top of a hill, you possess more potential energy than when standing at the bottom. This is because your position relative to the Earth’s center of gravity can exert potential energy upon you to bring you closer to that center.
Potential energy Potential energy is the stored energy an object has because of its position or state. A bicycle on top of a hill, a book held over your head, and a stretched spring all have potential energy. The standard unit for measuring potential energy is the joule, which is abbreviated as J.
Water does have potential energy at the top of a slope. The energy is not kinetic (moving) energy since the water is not moving.
As gravity pulls water down a slope, the water`s potential energy changes to kinetic energy that can do work. … A river`s slope, volume of flow, and the shape of it`s streambed all affect how fast the river flows and how much sediment can erode. How does sediment enter rivers and streams?
potential energy, stored energy that depends upon the relative position of various parts of a system. A spring has more potential energy when it is compressed or stretched. A steel ball has more potential energy raised above the ground than it has after falling to Earth.
Who has more potential energy: boy at top of slide/boy at the bottom? Boy at the top of a slide has more potential energy, because of his location. … Electron in the third energy shell has more potential energy because of its relative distance from the nucleus.
When the height is greatest, the potential energy will be the greatest. We can conclude that the potential energy will thus be greatest at the top of the hill.
The solid state of matter has the greatest potential energy.
At an object’s maximum height, kinetic energy is zero/ maximum while the potential energy is zero/ maximum.
|Water flowing from a waterfall BEFORE it hits the pond below||Both forms of Energy (Kinetic/Potential)|
|A spring in a pinball machine before it is released||Potential Energy|
|Burning a Match||Kinetic Energy|
|A running refrigerator motor||Kinetic Energy|
The skier possesses gravitational potential energy at the top of a slope, which transforms into kinetic energy as he moves down the slope.
The first hill of a roller coaster is always the highest point of the roller coaster because friction and drag immediately begin robbing the car of energy. At the top of the first hill, a car’s energy is almost entirely gravitational potential energy (because its velocity is zero or almost zero).
first hill Why is the first hill the highest? (The first hill is the highest to give the car maximum potential energy for conversion to kinetic energy so that the car can have enough energy to complete the course.)
Terms in this set (14)
Potential energy is stored energy and the energy of position. Chemical energy is energy stored in the bonds of atoms and molecules. Batteries, biomass, petroleum, natural gas, and coal are examples of chemical energy.
Water erosion is caused by two main forces – raindrop impact and flowing water. Raindrops can both destroy soil aggregates and transport soil small distances. Then, flowing water transports these detached particles down hill. The size of the particles transported increases with the kinetic energy of the water.
Gravity can cause erosion and deposition. Gravity makes water and ice move. It also causes rock, soil, snow, or other material to move downhill in a process called mass movement. Particles in a steep sand pile move downhill.
Gravity is responsible for erosion by flowing water and glaciers. That’s because gravity pulls water and ice downhill. … Gravity can pull soil, mud, and rocks down cliffs and hillsides. This type of erosion and deposition is called mass wasting.
A great amount of energy is released as the water falls. … Water at the top of a very high waterfall possesses gravitational potential energy. As the water falls, this energy is converted into kinetic energy, resulting in a flow at a high velocity.
Gas particles undergo no intermolecular attractions or repulsions. This assumption implies that the particles possess no potential energy and thus their total energy is simply equal to their kinetic energies. Gas particles are in continuous, random motion. Collisions between gas particles are completely elastic.
Systems of objects ranging from atoms to planets can be arranged in many ways, resulting in many forms of potential energy: chemical, elastic, electrical (electromagnetic), gravitational, nuclear, and thermal energy.
On average the bonds in the Water (H-O-H) molecules are stronger than those of the Hydrogen (H-H) and Oxygen (O-O) molecules. Because the (H-O) bonds in water are stronger, they have less chemical energy, therefore some of that chemical energy must be converted to heat and light as the stronger bonds form.
This is why we say that the electron in the outermost shell has a higher (potential) energy than the inner most shells. So a less amount of energy is needed to liberate the electron from the outermost shell.
It makes a single hydrogen atom to have one valence electron. What is this? Besides this, in the case of oxygen, its electronic configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p4 where 2p shell can accommodate six electrons.
The object has the potential to fall due to gravity. Gravitational potential energy depends on an object’s weight and its height above the ground (GPE = weight x height). Elastic potential energy is due to an object’s shape. It results when an elastic object is stretched or compressed.
Gravitational Potential Energy is determined by three factors: mass, gravity, and height.
The factors that affect an object’s gravitational potential energy are its height relative to some reference point, its mass, and the strength of the gravitational field it is in.